This section contains special information on cooling that is not found in the Service or the Bentley manuals.
All information contained in this FAQ is provided by BMW enthusiasts who are not typically fully trained in the art of BMW maintenance. As such, all information in this FAQ is provided "as-is". Any use of this information is strictly the responsibility of the using party. The supplier of the information and the Webmeister assume no liability for incorrect information or use of this information.
One Touch Power Window Module
Sound System Upgrade, Subwoofer Installation
Removal of 6 series Instrument Panel
E24 Sunroof Drain Clean Out
Archival Leather Restoration (long)
Antenna Removal Tips
Upper Center Vent Removal
Rear Seats' Maintenance
Sport Seat Back Removal
Leather Seat Treatment
Rejuvenate those front seats!!
Antennas - Power, Rebuildable
Sport Seat Disassembly/Reassembly
Permanent Garage Door Opener
A/C Vent Friction
Window Tint Removal
Window Alignment - Adjusting
Dome Light Over Center Console Area
Lighted Rear View Mirror Install
Interior Door Panel/Trim Removal
Front Seat Swap
Un-clogging Sun Roof Drains
Door interchange information--pre and post 82 U.S. models
Plastic Door Clip Replacement
Power Door Mirror Connector and Mirror Assembly/Mount Removal
Instrument and Dash Panel Bulb Replacement
Door lock mechanisms
Power Seat Stuck All The Way Back
Trunk Lid Springs
Adding a New Interior Light
Sunroof and Headliner Panel Removal
Sun Shade Removal and Repair
Fresh Air Vents
One Touch Power Window Module by Klaus Bertram <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I would like to update the article on the One Touch Power Window Module by John N Zoas.
As I was interested in installing the mentioned kit into my '81 633CSi I tried chasing down one of the mentioned modules without any luck, the link does not work, the domain is no longer registered.
After a Google search I found a very similar module on the Autolöc website, it is called WC1000 - One Touch Up And Down Window Unit and lists for $39.95.
I ordered one from Top End Motorsports for $35 including shipping, the installation was very simple and easy. It took less then 15 minutes to mount the unit under the shifter console and cut two wires, install a ground wire and run an extra 15 Amp power feed from the fuse box (very important, otherwise the unit will work intermittently).
Headrest Fix - by Norm Grills <email@example.com>
If your headrests fail to move up and down but you can hear the motor turning, there is a potential fix which is very simple. The way the motor is located in the seat back, the cable hangs more or less vertically. It appears that the cable "shrinks" and when it does it follows gravity and settles in to the motor end and coming out of the headrest drive. The easy fix for this is:
1) Remove the seat back by taking two screws out of the bottom corners of the seat back UNDER the seat back.
2) Slide the seat back down to disengage the two clips at the top and remove the seat back. The motor is now exposed.
3) Remove the motor from it's bracket allowing removal of the cable from the motor.
4) Cut a piece of coathanger wire 1/4 - 3/8" long and drop it into the motor sqare hole drive. Make sure there is enough of a gap between the end of the wire and the top of the square drive for the cable to make a good engagement with the motor. Shorten the wire if necessary.
5) Spin the cable, pushing it upward to engage the headrest drive, making sure enough sticks out the bottom end to engage the motor drive.
6) Re-assemble the motor into the seat back and test for correct operation.
7) Re-install the seat back in reverse order and proceed to do the other one.
8) Volunteer to help a friend whose headrests are malfunctioning and be a hero!
Sound System Upgrade, Subwoofer Installation - Justin Seiferth <firstname.lastname@example.org>
If you want to improve the bass in your coupe, a subwoofer is your best bet. Unfortunately, the rear package shelf of our cars doesn't offer a good mounting location. Fortunately, there is an alternative- you can locate free air drivers behind the center fold-down arm using the trunk as an infinite baffle. Make sure your driver is designed for "infinite baffle" or "free-air" use. Here's a brief run down of the procedure, if you want more details on any of the steps, please e-mail.
Remove the rear seat- the whole thing including the center console. Then using the center console as a guideline make a hole for your speaker directly behind the "flat" part of the console. You can cut the rear bulkhead with a good quality soft metal jigsaw blade. Use a drill to start the hole. Make SURE it's large enough to fully expose the driver. Don't worry about the screw holes, you won't be mounting directly to the bulkhead.
Use a piece of 1/2" or 3/4" MDF or fiber board as your speaker mount. Cut a piece big enough to hold your speaker, amp, crossover and other components you may want mounted in the boot. My mount covers most of the bulkhead in the trunk. You'll have to remove the trunk carpet section covering this area and either cut a hole in it for the speaker or replace it with a similar piece of carpet to keep your OEM stuff in case you want to sell the car without this modification.
Mount the speaker on the side of the board which will face the car inside the trunk. This will entail cutting a hole in the MDF- don't worry it's easier than the bulkhead to cut. Use all the speaker mount holes for a secure fit and make sure not to warp the driver.
Wire up the speaker and amps and get ready to install in your car. Get some small plastic spacers at a home supply place and some 2" machine screws, bolts and washers. Use at least 6 to mount the assembly. There are a couple of convenient places on the bulkhead to drill. Before you mount the assembly, wrap a 1/2" piece of foam rubber hose about the hole through which the driver will fire. This is important as it seals the assembly. Snug the assembly so this foam is mostly crushed and the speaker is firmly mounted to the bulkhead. You'll need a helper as the assembly will be heavy. This is the most difficult task of the job.
Now the final step, cut a square hole in the "flat" section of the center console behind the flip down arm. Leave about 1/4" of plastic around the left and right sides. There's enough space here to fully expose an 8" driver. If you use something larger, don't worry it will still sound great but an 8" driver will give plenty of bass. You cover this hole with the drilled aluminum plate and acoustic cloth an auto sound place will carry. You can get the cloth to match any interior. Screw the plate over the hole and cover the bolts with interior cover plastic bolt covers. If you want an auto sound place to do this step, it should run about $50 and blend in so well nobody will notice the cover unless you point it out to them. My cover overlays the whole flat area in the console.
Now put everything back together. The whole process should take about three hours including running the wiring for the amps and speakers back to the boot. DON'T use the OEM wiring for the deck speakers- the wire is garbage. DO use a nice fat amp supply line straight from the battery(don't forget to fuse!). If you cross the system over at about 50 -100Hz and give it around a 100w amp (for the subwoofer) you'll have a beautifully sounding system. I found an electronic crossover another worthwhile investment. You can also cover the interior side of the rear bulkhead with "dynamat" or equivalent to greatly reduce the interior sound level of your car.
Removal of 6 series Instrument Panel - "Gene M." <MClan@postoffice.worldnet.att.net>
This procedure is expanded from Chilton's, which I followed on my 83 633csi to replace the NiCads. The surprise was that there were no surprises.
1. Disconnect the battery ground cable and remove steering wheel.
2. Lift the glass cover off the check control (left side of instrument cluster) by gently prying. Remove 3 mounting screws underneath and pull out the check control housing and remove plug in the back.
3. Remove the fog lamp switch from the dash (you can leave the wires connected).
4. To the right of the fog lamp switch there is a black plastic plate that is pressed on (about 6 inches tall and 1 inch wide) which you gently pry off, then remove the screws underneath.
5. Remove the mounting screws for the trim panel underneath the driver's side dash (should be 4 screws--2 different sizes) and lower the trim panel to the floor (note that the temp sensor for the climate control has a vacumn hose connected to the rear left portion of the trim panel).
6. Remove the two large bolts just on either side of the steering column toward the front, which will allow the steering column to drop about 2 inches to clear enough room to slip out the instrument cluster.
7. Lift the cluster out--pull the top toward you first and then reach back to disconnect the various plugs (they have clips holding on some of them that need to be pulled out first).
8. Installation is the reverse (remember the vacumn hose on the lower trim panel).
E24 Sunroof Drain Clean Out - GFOConnor@aol.com
Just thought I would pass along a preventive maintenance suggestion in hopes that it may help some of you to avoid an unfortunate little occurrence I recently had with my E24 (an '83 633 CSi).
The sunroof channel has four water drains, one in each corner of the roof. The front two lead down to the rocker panels and drain out of holes formed in the joint between the rocker panel and the sill (it appears there is one set of holes not far behind the front wheelwells, and another set about midway between the front and rear wheelwells), while the rear two lead down to drain behind the trim piece at the rear edge of the rear windows.
For some time, I had been experiencing a condition whereby leakage from the roof into the passenger compartment would occur under certain heavy rainfall conditions (with the rarity of rainfall in southern California, this condition has actually existed for a year or two without my paying it much attention). What I hadn't realized was that the leakage was sufficient enough to drip onto the driver's side rear seat bucket, eventually enough to cause the leather on the seat bottom to dry out and tear >8^(. Realizing this, and with the onset of a bit of rain recently, I decided to finally get off my duff and find the source of the leak.
As it turns out, the driver's side rear drain hose was simply plugged with sediment, an easily remedied problem. The front drain holes are of course in plain view when the sunroof is opened, and can easily be first snaked with an appropriate gauge and length wire, and then blown out with air and/or water pressure. Access to the rear drain holes, because they are shielded by the sunroof and roof panels, is not possible. However, with removal of the headliner trim piece from the 'B' pillar rearward, the headliner can be dropped enough to allow access to the drain hose. The factory installed Keystone style clamp will need to be cut off with a pair of side cutters (and later replaced with a worm style or whatever-your-preference clamp), but then the hose can be disengaged from the drain nipple and brought over almost to the window, allowing easy snaking and subsequent attachment of air and then water hoses for clean out.
I just wish I had done it sooner!
Clothes Rod - email@example.com
Are you frustrated with the inability to put a hanging clothes rod in the back seat of your E24? On a 3 week trip to O'Fest '93 I needed to somehow hang some clothes in the back seat and the hooks on the pillars was just not going to cut it. I devised this system which works very well, allowing me to properly hang clothes back there and still be able to see out the back window. All it takes is some 1/2' copper pipe, 2 tees, 2 - 45 degree elbows and 4 end caps. I cut slots in the front of the two rods, remove the rubber covers from the "coat hooks", such as they are and slide the rods down over the hooks. The rear rods sit on the package shelf. The cross member is required to hold the rods apart. I put a bolt in each rod at a 45 degree angle and fastened it with a nut on each side. This becomes the hook for the commercially available expandable clothes rod.
I had them powder coated while I was having other work done but they could just as easily be painted.
Pictures of the whole arrangement can be seen by clicking here.
ARCHIVAL LEATHER RESTORATION (or pretty darn close, anyway) <firstname.lastname@example.org>
First, if you are intimidated by pulling your car apart, working with tools, chemicals, etc. you would probably be better off not attempting this. Having said that, if you read stuff on the M-formation list in the first place you probably are not easily intimidated! I don't do this for a living but I do have the benefit of having worked with a lot of methods and materials as a sculptor and architectural model maker for many years. This made the process easier for me, however, it is my belief that the average person with patience can do a better job dyeing their interior because of the "pride of ownership" factor. The operative word here is *patience*. Try to rush this process and you will end up with something that you won't be happy with or proud of. Get the right supplies, get comfortable, take your time and you will have people thinking you literally bought a new interior. This is all about man-hours, folks. The kind that you don't even want to think about paying a professional to do. Sure, the guy at the local detail shop may quote you $75 per seat, how many hours of preparation & conditioning do you think that buys? You get the idea.
This information works for me. Don't blame me if you screw it up!
Tools & Supplies:
1-Tons of paper towels (I used a dozen)
2-New plastic buckets (three)
3-New sponges (three small ones)
4-Several sheets of 320 & 400 grit wet/dry sandpaper (gray carborundum type)
5-One or two gallons of *fast dry* Lacquer Thinner (NOT "Paint Thinner")
6-Several clean terry cloth towels (like the auto supply sells)
7-Organic vapor respirator (NOT a disposable dust mask).
8-Spray gun and air compressor (VERY highly recommended). Do not use an airless!
9-Tack cloth (at auto paint supply)
10-Leather finishing materials (see below)
11-New 1-1/2" wide paint brush to apply conditioner.
You will need the following products:
a-Surflex color (the "dye")
b-Leather Soffener (yes, it is spelled that way)
These are available directly from the manufacturer:
Color-Plus (web site: http://www.colorplus.com/) Joanne at email@example.com
3767 Sunrise Lake
Milford, PA 18337-9315
This is a one-woman company (Joanne) that can do a *perfect* match of your leather. You must provide a small (at least 1"x1") swatch to her. She has a multi-mega buck color analyzer and, believe me, it's a correct match. In my case, I sent her a Lotus White swatch and an Indigo Blue swatch which came back with the color applied on 1/2 of each swatch. You *could not* tell which area had been colored! There may be other companies that make something similar, but her stuff works and is used by a lot of serious people on expensive cars (like collector Ferraris). The color runs about $95 qt, and the Soffener about $65 gal. Because I did the entire interior of an M6 (except the headliner) I bought 2 quarts, had a little bit left over. Get a gallon of the Soffener. BTW, she assigns a number and file to your specific color if you need it in the future.
For older, lighter interiors (like Lotus White), you will find a lot of different colors inside depending on exposure to sun but most especially exposure to years of applying conditioner *without* properly cleaning, thus tons of buildup that obscures the actual color. After you have been through this process, you will become a believer in more frequent cleaning and less frequent conditioning when you see first hand the change in color from just the cleaning stage! Also, there are a few assorted hard and soft plastic parts in the M6 that will probably have become different colors (these can also be colored for a perfect color match to the leather, more on this later).
Virtually everything in this car is leather. If you want to do it right, take it out of the car and if it can be dis-assembled, do so. As an example, the door panels as well as the rear sides are made of multiple pieces which can be taken apart further after they have been removed. I did not re-finish the darker Anthracite dash and uppers simply because it all looked great!
As far as the front seats go, they should be re-finished by separating the seat back from the seat bottom, the back panel from the seat back, and the assorted plastic. I do not feel that the leather should be actually removed from the foam. Having said that, I did do a partial dis-assembly of the seat back and bottom in order to add some high-density foam in strategic places. This had nothing to do with the re-finishing process but sure did increase the comfort (I was tired of being slumped down in a hole!).
Major areas that are not leather are the rear parcel shelf and the headliner (which I did not color). I still colored the rear speaker nacelles, plastic clips and trim, A and B pillars, even the grab straps. Interestingly, the color swatch from inside the seat back shell that I used provided a perfect match for the painted front tweeter trim.
So I don't forget this later, the two color sides will need to be taped off when colored. Get comfortable, do it indoors under a good light, use a premium masking tape, only tape the edge at the color change (use newspaper on the rest), and remove the tape ***very*** slowly or you will take the other color off with the tape.
Color-Plus has a *very* good pamphlet on this process. Get it, read it, re-read it, and do the same with the labels on her products! This is not eye-wash, it is solid, proven, necessary information to ensure the success of your project. What I am providing here is a supplement to the Color-Plus system. Generally, I follow that system but add a few "refinements".
Lets get something straight first. You are actually re-coloring your leather, not re-dyeing it. You are, in reality, painting it! But guess what? That stuff from the BMW factory that you thought was dye is a special paint. If you want to see what a true dyed interior looks like, go look at an MG or Jaguar (should have real cracks through the real dye all the way into the real leather). The painted finishes on German cars protect and preserve the leather *much" better than the open dyed finishes from England. If you have (and I'm sure you do) the typical side bolster "cracks" in your seats (I did) you will be pleased to know that when your done they should look and feel like the bolsters on a new M3! The "cracks" are nothing more than stress relief in the finish on the surface which, when removed, leaves the smooth leather beneath.
The cleaning and conditioning stages are THE MOST IMPORTANT stages of this whole process. They are also the most time consuming, the least fun and ultimately pay the biggest dividends. Remember, what you are doing should last for years, don't hurry it or you'll end up with cracks, poor adhesion, and stiff leather.
A Citrus Cleaner should be used to generally clean everything first. This is what the three buckets are for. One for the cleaner and two for clean water to sponge off the cleaner. After you clean with sponge #1 from bucket #1, use sponges to "rinse" from bucket #2, then squeeze them out in the bucket #3, returning to bucket #2 for clean water to repeat. Change water as needed.
Real important step #2:
The part I want to emphasize is that you MUST clean everything with Lacquer Thinner. Wear the respirator, your going to be doing this awhile! I tear off a dozen paper towels first. fold them 3 times, and work a section about 4-6" square at a time. Frequently turn the paper towel to a clean section, apply more thinner, and work the leather. You are literally removing years of grunge that, trust me, won't come off with water - based cleaners. Additionally (but equally important) you are removing some of the BMW finish. This is extremely important to insure (later) application of conditioner and to avoid applying the final finish over a film of dirt. Chances are somebody down the line put Armor All or some other silicon material on the leather. You don't know frustration till you've started painting something only to discover the dreaded silicon "fish-eyes".
Keep using clean areas of folded (wet with Lacquer Thinner) paper towels to remove the top layer of finish. You will see it on the paper towels. Spend the most time on the soft, high wear areas like the bolsters and seat bottoms. Indeed, keep working the "cracked" areas until most of the finish is gone. It actually fun to watch the cracks disappear as you go down through the finish. Spend the least time on the hard areas like the back panels (leather glued directly to hardboard). Don't be shy, use lots of thinner!
Real important step #3:
Lightly sand the surface of all padded parts with 400 grit sandpaper to "break" the surface. Don't sand the stitches! Some areas may require 320 first, finish with 400. If you don't do this the conditioner will not penetrate. This also will provide for better adhesion of the color. Remember, you're really sanding a flexible paint for the most part. After sanding, lightly wipe with lacquer thinner to remove dust.
Follow manufacturer's instructions. Apply Soffener with a 1-1/2" paint brush. On the seats in particular (and on any parts that appear to be "drinking up" the Soffener) continue applying Soffener over a least a 24 hour period. Give it as much as it will take because once its colored you will never be able to attain as deep a penetration as you can now. I would liken this stage to basting a turkey. I did this indoors (room temperature) and even warmed the Soffener in the microwave. I f you really want to be sure on the seats, keep basting them for 36 hours.
Get your two water buckets back out and remove all the Soffener from the surface. Use tightly squeezed sponges, rinse in bucket frequently. Don't saturate, you are "scrubbing" the surface with a barely damp sponge (you can also use a terry towel). After this it's lacquer thinner time again!. This will go more quickly than the first because you are on lightly trying to remove that last bit of "greasiness" left on the surface. It is extremely important that you do this and do it well, otherwise you are painting a greased pig and it ain't gonna stick!
Wait a minimum of 24 hours (don't cheat!).
This is where I do things differently. I have gotten superb results by first working the un-thinned color in with a small clean terry cloth (wash cloth is fine). You are using friction to work the color into the surface. The purpose is simply to "prime" the surface, not color it. Don't wimp out, use some friction and work it quickly into the surface - you should barely be able to tell you put anything on. Work quickly, this stuff dries fast. Work (again) a 4-6" square area at a time. If anything is standing on the surface wipe it off with a section of your terry cloth that is somewhat dryer.
After the "primer" coat, spray the additional coats. If you haven't any experience with spray guns I suppose you could continue on with rags and brushes but you will have a more "applied" look, risking not only brush or rag marks but dust and debris stuck in the finish. A sprayed finish will duplicate the factory finish, allow the leather grain (which is pretty subtle on the M6) to show through, and will facilitate the application of the thinnest finish. The thicker the finish, the stiffer and the more prone to cracking.
If you haven't sprayed before, that's another topic (plenty of booklets on that subject). When you're ready, wipe the surface lightly with a tack rag and set up your gun with minimum pressure. Manufacturer says 25 psi. I found this WAY too high, use 15 or just enough to properly draw and atomize the color. Thin 10-15% max. Manufacturer says to use a narrow fan. I only use this on my first pass to hit the "detail" areas that are hard to reach, then broader to a medium to medium narrow fan. Set up gun for a fairly high air to fluid ratio to ensure a finer particulate. Apply just enough color to get a uniform color, any additional serves no purpose other than to stiffen the finish. This is usually one hand-rubbed primer coat (not really a coat at all), two thin, wet coats, and a final wet, mist coat (set the fan on wide, raise pressure a bit, hold gun further away, move fairly quickly). You should wait 25-30 minutes between coats. This last mist coat provides added uniformity with very little thickness.
Plastic parts take this stuff very well, just clean very thoroughly with (you guessed it) lacquer thinner. BTW, for those of you who don't know, the reason that you use lacquer thinner is it removes anything but evaporates so fast it leaves nothing of itself behind.
The fun part! Keep lacquer thinner and paper towels nearby to clean your hands and use *every time* you touch anything that looks dirty or feels greasy. This is a great time to "de-rattle" your car - add a piece, drive it, see if it makes noise. If you do like I did, I gutted the entire car except the driver's seat so I had not only a more efficient "production line" for the leather but a great baseline to work from to isolate noise. I would recommend that you do the driver's seat last (so you can still drive your car) but also so that you still have something to compare to if needed when re-installing the other seat.
Some may prefer to tackle this in stages but however you phase it, don't rush the preparation. Done carefully and with pride your interior will be indistinguishable from a new BMW.
Hopes this helps anyone interested.
Antenna Removal - Chris Wright <firstname.lastname@example.org>
>>>>> Original Posting >>>>>
I have an 87' 635csi with the automatic antenna installed in the right rear fender. It seems to extend to it's full length, however the motor continues to run with a grinding sound for about 5 or 6 revolutions.It retracts normally. Could this be an incorrectly installed mast? I was going to remove the antenna and open it up (several postings say this is simple), but I can't figure out how to remove the bottom support bracket! ..........
<<<<<<<< The results ---------------
Thanks to all of you who responded with help to my posting! First the secret of removing the bottom antenna support bracket from a 6er: There is a small access hole, the size of a quarter, inside the trunk under the glued-on carpet opposite this bracket (you can feel it through the carpet). The bolt that secures this bracket fits into a keyhole slot, it is only necessary to loosen the bolt and slide the bracket to the rear of the car. (Thanks to Mike Gordon for this tip)
Now to the antenna. Various FAQ files describe two different antennas, unfortunately neither of which matched mine! So here is a third:
Other FAQ's describe limit switches and/or revolution counters to control the extension and retraction of the mast. This antenna has no switches. Instead it has a small circuit board that acts as a switch and a timer. When the mast extends or retracts the timer simply applies power to the motor for a set length of time, approximately 20 seconds. When the mast reaches full extension/retraction the motor simply stalls until the timer turns the power off.
Jeff Schnellinger sent me an email diagnosis of the grinding sound that was dead on; so I shall simply pass it on.
>>>>>> Jeff wrote:
In my experience with the same type of noises in a 84 325e power antenna, I believe the problem is a little more involved. The plastic toothed cord is driven up and down by a gear in the antenna box. There is a small metal idler wheel which keeps the plastic cord in contact with this gear. When this idler wheel fails to rotate, it will get a flat spot on it from the plastic cord, constantly wearing it down as it passes by. Then what happens is that enough material is worn away to allow the cord to be pushed away from the gear and skip. That is the noise you are hearing. The gear is still turning, but the antenna is all the way out and can't move anymore. Unfortunately, I don't have a good fix for this unless you know someone who can machine you a new idler wheel. At some point it will wear away the teeth on the cord and then your antenna may not be able to be drawn back in. The reason you may not hear it when the antenna goes down is because the cord tends to wrap around the gear and you naturally get more teeth engaged that way.
<<<<<<<<<< My idler wheel was worn on the lower third of the wheel, so I flipped the wheel up side down and let the cord ride on the unworn area.
<<<<<<<< Tip for removing the cover:
The antenna case has a plastic cover with 8 or 10 "barbed" tabs that snap into slots in the base. Put the antenna on it's side. Place a large flat bladed screw driver vertically into the groove between the case and the cover. With a twisting motion apply a *slight* amount of pressure and hold. Insert a second, smaller screw driver into a slot holding the one of the "barbed" tabs. By applying a twisting motion, pressure is applied simultaneously down on the tab and up on the case. This should allow the "barbed" tab to pop out of the slot. While holding the pressure on the first screw driver, continue around the case with the second.
And an addendum from......"Robert M. Duckworth" <email@example.com>
I have to do the antenna dance this weekend. Took it out and cleaned itthoroughly. Had a hell of a time getting it back in. It just wouldn'tcatch on the down cycle. Finally in an act of frustration. I cut a bevelon the very tip of the notched plastic cable and it caught the first timearound. Just a tip to try: cut your bevel from the last notch to the tip. Another hint: remember which way the notches face on your car (if you havethe notched cable). Mine face the rear.
Upper Center Vent Removal.... Jim Moran <jmoran@JJMA.Com>
The upper center vent is part of the trim piece that spans from the center of the dash to the passenger side. So, you need to remove the plugs over the screws. A very thin screw driver, a knife point, or a pin can be used to pop these out. Then unscrew the screws underneath. Pretty simple.
Rear Seats' Maintenance ..."Legros, Phil" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
A few comments on experiences with rear seat repairs in my 1984 635 Euro which may be useful to fellow 6er owners.
I think that at some stage during the previous ownership the RH side of the car has had a reasonable dent - new front fender RH door. It also seems this impact stressed the little angle brackets under the front edge that hold the rear seats in popped the rivets holding them to the plastic seat "bucket", which in turn cracked the plastic itself.
I was able to repair the angle bracket attachment by ungluing the covers at the front edge of the seat lifting the padding up enough to glue aluminium (aluminum!!) reinforcing plates inside the bucket with epoxy filler along with re-riveting ( pop rivets) the angle brackets in place through the plastic the aluminium.
The cracks in the plastic were repaired by riveting gluing aluminium pieces on the inside of the bucket later fiberglassing over the crack. A little filler sanding smooth correct colour acrylic housepaint made the repair pretty hard to spot.
While doing all this I noticed that both seat buckets had a hairline crack running right across the seat at the bottom "corner". This looks as if it might be a stress point when the seat has weight on it. The "plastic" isn't particularly resilient and appears susceptible to cracking. For insurance I fiberglassed over these hairline cracks on both seats. This might be worth checking, since the repair is easy can be done without any seat disassembly while the crack is small, but would be a PITA if the bucket split right in half had to be completely stripped to fix it.
I've also found that the little sheetmetal "hooks" on the rear bulkhead (that latch into holes in the vertical part of the seat bucket) can get flattened down so that it isn't possible to engage them in the seat. This means that the seat is not restrained at the back could tilt forward if empty during panic stops (or accidents - probably what happened to my seat). The fix is to pull the "hooks" further out from the bulkhead.
Sport Seat Back Removal - jmoran@JJMA.Com
To remove the rear panel:
1. Tilt the seat forward. This makes working on it from the back seat a little easier.
2. Pull the knob off the tilt lever.
3. Gently pry out the trim piece around the tilt lever.
4. With a phillips screw driver, remove the tilt lever from the tilt mechanism inside the seat. Careful, don't drop the screw into the seat.
5. With a phillips screw driver, unscrew the screws fastening the lower corners of the panel to the seat.
6. Lift the bottom of the panel slightly rearward and up to remove. This will unclip the top of the panel from the seat. From age, the panel may be kind-of stuck to the rest of the seat. Frim pressure should unstick it.Installation is reverse of removal.
You should see the loose screws in the bottom corners of the seatback, if I remember correctly.
Leather Seat Treatment - Norm Grills <email@example.com>
I am now absolutely convinced that the only way to treat the leather seats on my E24 is to remove them from the car.
Today was a drizzly, cool (73 degree) day in Dallas and everything else had been done to the 6'er in preparation for O'Fest so I decided to treat the seats. I removed them from the car, put them up on a table and was able to get around them very easily without contortions of any kind.
I use Connoly's Hide Food (my preference for years now). It says to apply it sparingly and let soak over night before buffing out. I considered the overnight part but decided I wanted it done in an afternoon so I applied the Food to each seat letting it sit while I did the others.
Once the Food was applied, I decided to do all the vinyl, door seals etc.. This too, turned out to be a MUCH easier job with the seats out. After I completed this step I went back to polishing the seats.
Given to laziness, I tried this once before and really liked the results so I did it again this time. I got out my orbital polisher and, using buffing pads, buffed out one seat per pad. You would not believe the difference.
I then put the seats back in and sat in my "brand new" car, very pleased with the results.
The one trick if you decide to do this is in removing the front seats, especially if they are powered. Remove the front bolts first, move the seat all the way to the front and remove the rear bolts. This will give the seats leverage when resting on the table. With the seat rails all the way back (seat all the way forward), the rails keep the seat from falling over backward. The seat backs can be folded forward to get the back of the seat without the seat falling over forward as well.
Rejuvenate those front seats!! - Don Schmidek <firstname.lastname@example.org>
For those that are finding that their driver seat is getting a little worn, but the passenger side seat is like new --- here is a solution: exchange the two seat cushions.
This way not only will you give your driver's seat a rest and put the passenger seat to some use, but you will also swap the exposed sides. Probably most have noticed that the left side of the drivers seat is a little more (!!) worn that the right side of the seat, and the same, but opposite is true for the passenger side. So --- if you swap the two bottom seats you will also put the outer sides innermost and innermost sides outermost - and thus start a new "wear" routine.
Changing the seats is not hard --- it just takes time and dedication --- you have to pull both seats out of the car -- not a bid deal, unless you are a frail 90 pounder. Four bolts on the bottom rails of the seats bolt into to the car floor pan. But before you remove the seats you must disconnect the cable connector(s) for the electric seats -- but even before that you should move the seat to a center travel location - this will give you easy access to the other 4 bolts that hold the seat to the frame. For pre '84 633, you are spared from disconnecting the cables, as you do not have electric seats. (I did the same on the my previous '83 633).
Next you have to remove the seat cushions. Again there are 4 bolts on the bottom of the seats --- but before you can remove the seat you have to remove 2 circlips -- one on each side of the seat pivot. Finally you have to disconnect and remove the wire cable that goes through the center of these pivots. I found that cutting the cable some 3-4" away from the terminations (by the motors) was the easiest. Later you will have to re-splice the cables -- they are color coded - so no big deal. Just strip, twist, solder and use some shrink sleeving. Be sure you have some tie wraps to fasten the harnesses back to the frame, as you will have to cut some of the original tie wraps.
You will also have to unfesten one of the motors that is under the seats -- but that is easy - two screws. Do not be concerned when you discover that these two motors mount differently -- but since both seats are identical, and while the motors do not mount the same way under each seat, each seat has all the holes and weld nuts to allow for the relocation.
I also added some fairly thin indoor/outdoor carpeting between the seat springs and the horsehair pad --- the drivers seat pad had started to split in a number of places just above the springs --- the carpeting should prevent further deterioration.
It took me about 4 hours for the whole process --- I was also able to clean the carpeting next to (tranny hump) and under the seats, while the seats were out, using some carpet spray cleaner.
So -- now I am ready for an other 10 years of seat life and have preserved the good appearance!!!
I also have swapped the back seat leather cover -- but that is an other story --- the backs are not swappable due to the seat back levers, so I had to remove the leather from each seat back -- this was a PIA task.
If you have any questions -- I will be glad to answer any questions.
Antennas - Power, Rebuildable
I have reviewed the FAQ's page
on "Antenna Tips" and would like to add the following
information regarding internal parts replacement for the Hirschmann
A variety of parts may simply wear out over time regardless of routine maintenance of the mast. The following two parts appear to be most vulnerable:
Toothed belt drive: This is a small rubber toothed belt that on original Hirschmann units is marked "Continental S4." The belt is connected from the motor to a worm gear pully that drives the cable housing unit. If your motor "whirrs" for the requisite 20 seconds without moving what appears to be a jammed mast - this is usually the cause, a broken drive belt.
Tension Roller: (As referred to in the FAQ) - this small roller is mounted on a stationary pin and insures contact of the nylon cable to the rotating cable drive gear. Remove the cover (two phillips screws) and carefully remove the roller and pin. Inspect the tension roller for abnormal wear. If it shows wear, it will cause the grinding/clicking noise at the full extension and full retraction when the cable slips on the flat spot of the roller. (Hirschmann P/N 4.11 721-064-001)
Refer to the very detailed Hirschmann antenna blown out diagram found in:
Antenna World, There is a BMW technical page that will address just about any issue involving the antenna for various BMW's. The diagram can be located in the Mercedes-Benz technical page under AUTA6000EL listed at the top of the page.
According to the website, the Hirschmann's are infinitely rebuildable. After tearing down my unit, I concur. The parts are available by phone/mail order. The belt is $8.00 and I think the tension roller is just a few dollars. A new replacement (remanufactured) antenna unit is about $100. Please note that new units have a plain black rubber gasket mount instead of the *very BMW* bezel ring on the original unit.
If you open the unit, complete an entire overhaul. The motor is easily removed by the two Phillips screws on the mounting arm, the large cable drive can be removed by unsnapping the "c" clip. A degreaser, brake cleaning spray or other solvent should be used to remove all the road grit brought in through the mast. You will be amazed by the amount of road grime. I lightly recoated the cable housing drive and worm gear with white lithium grease, light machine oil for the cable drive pin and a drop on the tensioner roller.
Standard disclaimers apply. I have no connection with Antenna World.
Nelton Joe 84 633CSi 100k Polaris
Sport Seat Disassembly/Reassembly - Louis P. Hodgson, LXH21@psu.edu
1)remove seat from car (duh...).
Also, remove the wire harnesses going to the seat position module,
then remove the seat position module from the seat bottom.
2) Remove head rest (pull up real hard)
3) remove seat back cover by undoing two screws at the bottom, unclip/pull off the black seat tilt lever and bracket from the sides of the seat, remove the black metal tab (seat tilt lever) by unscrewing a small screw (one per side) by accessing through the tilt lever opening, slide the seat back up and off.
4) start bending the tabs which hold the leather to the seat back frame, remove the leather off the tabs as much as possible.
5) remove the head rest motor assembly, you should cut the two power wires(blue and gray) going to the motor about 2~3 inches from the motor (do not cut off the memory system wires. You can pull the harness for this off from the gear box).
6) Next, start removing the dreaded hog-rings. You can just pull'em till they come off or get a big wire cutter and go at them.
7) Remove the plastic covers on the seat tilt mechanism on either side (where the seat back pivots)
8) remove the seat back tilt wire from the pivot mechanisms (both sides), I had to bend the tab up and then remove it from the pin.
9) remove the white rectangular plastic piece which guides the tilt wires to the seat back pivot mechnism by prying using two flat-head screw drivers, using them as wedges, go gently, they will snap up and off.
10) remove the two bolts holding the seat back frame to the pivot mechanism. 11) gently lift off the seat back, remove any remaining hog-rings and leather-tabs and completely remove the leather pieces and paddings from the seat back frame. Remember to guide your wires from the head rest motor out and away from the seat back (that's why it required cutting the power wires, memory wires come off via a harness. Now your seat is in two pieces, the seat back frame and the seat bottom with all the leather pieces still attached to it:-) 12) Now the fun part. Seat bottom removal is harder. Go under the seat, towards the back, locate where the two motor drive cables on either side enter the seat back tilt/seat rear height gear boxes. Remove the retaining bracket that hold the cables into the gear box (do the same for the other side). Remove the cables out from the gear box (pull out, do the same for the other side). Now, using a torx driver (I forgot which size:-), remove three torx screws per side that hold the gear box onto the seat pivot mechnism. You should be able to pull off the gear box from the pivot plate (use flat head screw driver for leverage, go easy).
13) Remove the 17mm hex head bolts holding the seat belt thing on one side and nothing on the other.
14) Remove the snap ring that's on the center of the seat pivot mechnism, on the main shaft (both sides).
15) Remove the pivot plates from the seat bottom (both sides). This is quite tricky, remember the pin that the tilt wire was attached to? You have to pull that up (using flat head screw driver as leverage) and let the mechnism release itself from one of the shafts on the seat bottom. As you release (pull up on that pin), you can slowly slide off the pivot plate from the main shaft that you removed your snap ring from. Use of flat blade screw driver for leverage recommended. Also, you must make sure that the pivot plate comes off from where the seat belt thing was attached to (with the 17mm head bolts...) again, use the screw driver to wedge it up and off.
16) Now that the pivot plates are off, you should be seeing the rear end of the seat bottom side bolsters in all their glory. Now, you should be able to lift up the rear end of the seat bottom off and up freely, from the seat rail mechanism. Now, remove the side plastic panel which contain the switch for the sear bottom front extension thing. You can pull down on the snap-on plastic off at the front, then gently slide the rear retaining hook off from the back end of the plastic.
17) Now to the front end of the seat bottom. Look at the front of the seat bottom assembly. There should be two arms on either side of the seat which is used by the seat front lifting mechanism. There's a connecting link on either side that can be removed by removing a circlip (one on either side). This will completely free the seat bottom from the seat rail mechanism and let you access the underside of the seat bottom.
18) Flip over the seat bottom, and start going at those tabs and hog-rings again.
19) Remove the circlip that hold the lever arm from the gear drive to the seat front extension assembly. push down the pin that the circlip came off of. This will fall out and let you separate the gear/motor mechanism from the actual extension mechanism. Then undo two screws holding the motor/gear assembly to the seat bottom frame, then remove the gear/motor assembly (remove any harness connecting that to the rest of the system). The seat front extension thing should slide out to the front. Leather can be removed from that metal sliding frame by undoing a few tabs and sliding off a couple of plastic clips.
20) Once all the tabs are bent and hog-rings cut, remove leather pieces from the seat bottom frame. At this point, you should start wondering "gee... can I put all this back together...??"
21) INSTALLATION IS REVERSE OF REMOVAL :-) :-) :-)
Permanent Garage Door Opener - Mike Gordon <email@example.com>
I got around to permanently installing my garage door opener in my car. The steps involved were:
1) Build 9 volt regulator for powering the opener
2) Jumpering the door opener switch
3) Installing and operation
Building a 9V voltage regulator
Since the opener needs 9 volts, I built a simple voltage regulator using a volt positive three terminal regulator (7809) and two 0.33uF 25V electrolytic caps. The three terminal regulator is simple to use--hook a cap between the input and ground and another cap between the output and ground, with proper polarity. Then, wire up a set of leads to go to a 12V source between the input and ground. Hook up a 9V battery plug between the output and ground. Carefully wrap the exposed leads so they don't short out and plug the 9V connector into the openers 9V plug. The regulator assembly fits where the battery used to be inside the opener. Data sheets for the 7800 series of voltage regulators is available online at: http://www.radioshack.com/sw/swb/pdf/m7812.pdf
Jumpering the door opener switch
Because I wanted to control the opener with a remote switch, rather than the one on the opener, I jumpered the opener's switch so that it was constantly closed. This way, I can switch 12V power to the opener and this will momentarily power the opener. Think of it like holding the opener button down while temporarily plugging in the battery for power.
Installation and operation
I had initially intended to use a switch that mounts below the radio where the stock fader goes to operate the opener. In fact, I bought a power window breaker switch, but this was not a momentary switch and I was concerned that it would be easy to leave the switch on accidently. Looking around the controls, I decided to use the left rear window UP switch. First off, I rarely if ever use the rear window controls. Therefore the left rear window would normally be up, so hitting the up button would have no effect on the window, unless it was lowered. To make a long story short, the +12V lead was connected to the blue wire from the window switch and ground went to the cigarette lighter ground.
It works great--switch the car to on, push the left rear up window switch and I can operate the garage door opener. No need to worry about the batteries going dead or someone stealing the opener--it's hidden in the console.
Vent Friction - "Gene
The two center dash air vents can fail to hold their horizontal position and flop around. There are several ways to solve this, but for a quick, cheap fix, try this.
In many oil filter kits, there will be a very small black O ring, which you may have been throwing away since it is not used on the E24. If you pop out the floppy vent and slip one of these O rings on one of the vent tabs, then pop the vent back in, the floppy vent problem should be gone. The fit is good and the O ring is not noticeable.
Window Tint Removal - James Martin <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Mix 50/50 solution of ammonia
and water in a spray bottle. Spray on window and cover with sheet
of Saran wrap or any generic comparable brand. The sprayed on
solution will hold the thin film of wrap on the window nicely.
Let bake in the hot sun (maybe 30 minutes?) Peel the film off
and use the solution to clean residual glue if there is any.
Adjusting the window alignment (applies to 1985 US635CSi): Louis P. Hodgson, LXH21@psu.edu
First you must make sure that the actual door is properly aligned and positioned in the door opening. This is crucial to a successful adjustment of the window. The factory manual covers this in detail so I am not going to go into it in detail. But the general idea is that you should make sure to have the door centered and evenly spaced in the door opening, make sure the upper crease in the body work matches up well with that in the door. The factory spec allows for up to one millimeter (either front or rear of the door) for the door to be recessed in comparison to the body surface in order to minimize the wind noise. The door adjustment can be done at the door hinges and the striker plate positioning on the body side. The hinges have 3 bolts each on the door side and the body side, each can be loosened to adjust for the door placement. I believe that one can also buy shims to put in underneath the hinge mounting plates should you require such adjustments. This adjustment, I heard from the body shop technician, literally took him 2 hours to get it right... and still it was slightly off causing a misalignment of the window at the top. In my case, the window was tilting a little too high at the rear of the door on the driver side door, causing the front part to leak/produce wind noise at speeds above 30mph. The height adjustment was made previously but due to the rear end being too high, I could not get a good seal at the front.
Assuming you have well-positioned door:-)
Remove all interior door paneling, it makes the job easier since you are going to be opening and closing the door repeatedly. Also remove the vapour barrier, if you have it. If you don't, or if you happen to rip the one you have, you can make one from a nice heavy gauge vinyl sheet (industrial garbage bags, from hardware stores etc) and some duct tape.
Not all of the adjustments may be needed in your case!! please use your best judgement! It's presented in the order that I think should be checked or adjusted, you may want to do things differently... 1) Window rail positioning: The window slides up and down along two rails, one front and one rear. These rails can be positioned forward or back, may be +/- 1/4 inch or so to move the entire window forward or rearward by the corresponding amount. I didn't actually have to do this part of the adjustment so if anyone out there's done it and find some mistakes/misinformation in this writeup, please let me or Norm know. Referring to the Figure 1,
the rail seem to have two sliding/adjusting bolts at the top and one at the bottom. Again, I did not do this adjustment so there may be more bolts, especially at the top. I just didn't see any other adjusting bolts for it. These bolts all take 10mm hex head, ones at the bottom may require counter hold. Loosening these bolts and sliding the entire window forwards or rearwards should do the trick. This may be a two person job. Go slow, little adjustment at a time and see the general fit before making more adjustment. Always a good idea to mark where things were before you started to mess with them. I used a fine point permanent marker and made an outline of the washer/bolt position before loosening them, just in case.
2) Window top tilting angle adjustment: There seems to be a single adjustment point to correct the alignment if your window is too high at the rear (as was my case) or too high at the front. The amount which can be adjust by this is VERY little, I maxed out the adjustment and the relative change in the window position was very small but adequate. This is one of the reasons why your door should be in the correct position to begin with. Referring to Figure 2A ,
there is an adjustment bolt at the midway down the door to the rear. This slides up or down to change the relative pivoting point for the window up/down mechanism (or so the technician states). If you want the front to come up, you lower this bolt in it's sliding hole, if you want the front to be lowered, you slide it up. The adjustment was hard to do, as the pivot arm felt pretty solid when the bolt was loosened. What I did was to loosen the bolt, move the window up/down with the electric switch, you'll see that the bolt will move in the sliding hole as the window goes down/up. You secure it when the bolt goes up/down a little and see what that has done to the alignment. The Figure 2B
shows the before and after shots. The adjustment was maxed out, the effect was very small. The top panel in Figure 3 shows that the gap between the window and the gasket is bigger at the front than at the rear before adjustment. After the adjustment, this is reduced quite a bit (bottom panel).
3) Window angle (in relation to the body) adjustment: To adjust the rear part of the window, lower the window about 4 inches until you see the adjuster through the access hole to the upper rear of the door as in Figure 3.
You must lower the window about an inch or so by your window control switch, adjust this bump stop, then run the window up until it stops. If too high/low, adjust again. Very small adjustments are usually required. This adjustment usually takes the most finess since you are trying to strike a good balance between the door closeability and the window sealing/minimizing wind noise.
The whole process should take you a good amount of time, again, there's never a perfection when it comes to this adjustment process. It's a balance... you can make the window seal like a vault, but will have hard time opening/closing the door, and vice versa. There's a LOT of trial and error involved here, very much an art/Zen, whatever you want to call it:-) Good luck with it, I know I thought I did a good job on the adjustment but I could do with a little more... My thanks go out to JG Barnes and J Seaway for some information from previous posts found on Lars' archives, also to Al Sutlick for detailed instruction on interior trim removal procedure a while back.
Adding a Dome Light Over Center Console Area Russell g Overton <email@example.com>
It should be noted this modification was performed on a 1984 633 Csi using a dome light from a salvage 1985 325. The dome light on the E 30 looks like a smaller version (single lamp) of the one over your left shoulder in the E 24. The E 30 dome light will fit, with internal modification, into the access panel of the sunroof. No cutting or altering of any visible surface is necessary in order to perform this modification. The dome light fits perfectly into the hole as though it were made to go there.
The advantages of doing this are great.
At night you can see your ignition switch, you can see the OBC
so you can enter your lock out code, and you can pull off to the
side of the road, turn the light on and read a map.
Once you have the parts and tools together
it should take about 45 minutes from start to finish.
1. dome light from an E 30 (3 series 1984-1990). There are two mechanical styles of this dome light. The one needed for this project is the style that rotates the contact for the lamp, not the one that shifts the contacts from side to side. Cost at most local salvage yards: $2-5.
2. Approximately 4 feet each of three different colors of wire (copper #16 gauge), or remove enough of the wiring harness from a salvage E 30, presumably the one used for the dome light itself.
3. Three splice connectors and 3 female spade terminal connectors, or the originals from a salvage E 30.
4. Electrical tape and/or insulating covers to go over the above mentioned connectors. These connectors must be insulated. Points of ground will be very close to them, the dome light relay lists for $80 and this circuit feeds into the OBC. Please make sure no positive wires can be accidentally grounded.
1. Small fish tape or stiff wire (about 5 feet long).
2. Wire strippers and cutters.
3. Small awl.
4. Small flat blade screwdriver.
5. Small needle nose pliers.
6. Bench grinder or other suitable means of abrasion.
7. Electrical tester (one that will check both continuity and DC voltage)
1. Disconnect ground from battery (see notes above about the delicacy of this circuit).
2. Release and remove existing dome over left shoulder. Be sure to note which wire is positive, which is ground all the time, and which is switched ground. If necessary make this identification before disconnecting the battery.
3. Remove access panel for sunroof, it simply snaps out.
4. It is not necessary to remove the header panel at the front of the head liner, but this could be done to make fishing the wires easier. All that is necessary is to pull down gently on the panel and cut a hole just large enough to feed the wires through in the portion of the headliner BEHIND the panel. Be careful to make sure the hole is far enough back that it would never rip into a visible area. Also make sure the hole is in a direct line with the existing dome light.
5. Carefully push a straightened fish tape or stiff wire from the opening of the existing dome light to the hole you just cut.
6. Attach the three color coded wires and pull enough into the access for the existing dome light to allow for making connections and allow enough wire to lay in above the header panel and that will allow for making the connections at the access for the sunroof. Lay the wires into place and allow them to protrude from the sunroof access.
7. Using splice connectors, splice the new
wires into the old noting which is positive, which is ground all
the time, and which is switched ground.
8. Install the spade connectors on the other ends of the new wires at the location for the new dome light (sunroof access).
9. The only problem with the new dome light is that it is too tall for the opening. The motor for the sunroof is at that location and clearance is very tight. Very carefully remove lamp, contacts, and retaining clip from new dome light. You will probably have to use an awl or small screwdriver to release the metal components from the acrylic housings.
10. Using a bench grinder shave enough of the acrylic housings to allow the dome light to fit flush into the opening. The goal is that when reassembled it will snap in place and be flush. The side with the retaining clip must mount towards the passenger seat.
11. The retaining clip and contacts will now be too long. Slightly heating if necessary to prevent stress, you now need to straighten, cut, and re-bend these components to fit the modified dome light. You will need to make these adjustments where they fit into the acrylic housing.
12. Reassemble the light, securely fasten the spade terminals, making sure they will not ground to any of the components above. Snap your new light into place making sure the wires are not in the way of any moving parts. At the original dome light use your tester to make sure the positive wire is not grounded.
13. Snap the original dome light back in place, reconnect the battery, wait for nightfall, open the door and find your ignition switch without having to feel around.
Note to the wise:
When obtaining your new dome light it might be a good idea to purchase an extra unit just in case you have a fatal accident during steps 9-11.
Lighted Rear View Mirror Install - "Michael Barrett" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
This has to be the second easiest modification your can make, right after adding floor mats. The parts and materials needed are:
1) Lighted rear view mirror from E30 coupe (BMW part number 51 16 1 906 525). 2) 3-4 feet of 16 gauge wire 3) Phillips screwdriver 4) Sharp knife (x-acto or similar) 5) Wire connectors of some sort (see text below) 6) Coat hanger (the wire kind)
The mirror lists for $160 from BMW; I got mine from VOB BMW (they advertise in the Roundel) for $115. Used prices, I'm guessing are probably in the $15-35 range. The part number is stamped on the back, so if you get a used one, you can still be sure it is the right part.
The first part of the procedure is perhaps the scariest. Grab the old mirror by the arm that connects the mirror to the roof, and pull it off. That's right, just pull. It doesn't take as much effort as I thought it would (I imagine it's a safety feature). The mirror is held in place by two spring-loaded pins. You'll see them on the new one, as well as the plastic wire connector for the lamps.
Prepare the new mirror by removing the plastic connector on the end of the white and black wires. Depending on how handy you are with implements of this kind, you may want to solder the wires from the mirror to the two new lengths of wire, and cover with shrink wrap, although I just used wire nuts. I would have gone the first route, except I got caught up in the excitement and wanted to get the mirror installed.
Next, remove the four screws (two on each end) that hold the passenger side sun visor (with the lighted vanity mirror) to the headliner, and remove the visor. Be careful when you remove it, since you want to make sure you also pull the wires for the lighted vanity mirror out of the openings on each side; if you're not careful, you may find yourself having to fish around inside the headliner to get them out.
Once those are removed, take the wire coat hanger and fish the wires from the new rear view mirror through the opening where the rear view mirror goes to the openings from the visor. There is a channel that runs along the front edge of the headliner just inside the top of the windshield.
Now install the new rear view mirror, simply by pressing it in up into place. It takes a little bit of effort, but nothing that requires brute strength. I found that if you put one of the pins in place first, and then push up on the opposite side, it works fairly well. Then splice one of the wires from the rear view mirror to each of the connections for the visor mirror. Again, if you are slick, you can probably remove the existing connectors from the end of the vanity mirror/visor wires, and reinstall the connector over the joined wires. Me, I just cut each of the wires for the visor mirror and, using two more of my trusty wire nuts, connected the wires together. I don't believe that it matters which wire goes where, since you are just completing a circuit, but the inboard visor wire is the positive, and the outboard visor wire (closest to the A pillar) is the ground.
Once your wires are connected, push the wires and connectors up into the channel, and re-attach the visor to the headliner. You're done. With this set-up, the map lights will only function when the car's lights are one (since that is the only time that the vanity mirror works). Personally, I think this is wise, since it avoids the possibility of a dead battery from the light being left on in the daytime (not that my son who likes to read in the car would EVER do that, right?!) I originally thought about connecting to the power sunroof switch/motor, but it does not appear that the front channel above the rear view mirror opening has easy access to the sunroof area. The beauty of installing it as set forth above is that the headliner doesn't have to be removed, and its a straight shot from the center opening for the mirror along the front channel, so that fishing the wires is easy. In fact, I think it took me longer to type this up than it did to actually install the new mirror.
Interior Door Panel/Trim Removal ('85 US635CSi) - "Louis P. Hodgson" <email@example.com>
With a very small screwdriver (jewelers type is best), gently pry out the exterior mirror control switch from the door handle (pry out plastic insert or the passenger side). Disconnect the switch from harness, keep it safe. Inside the hole you just opened up, there should be two Phillips head screws securing the handle to the door, remove them. Use magnetic head screw driver to avoid losing your screws. Once those screws are out, you should be able to pull the upper part of the handle toward you, pivoting it at the base of it (make sure the door storage compartment's lid is in up position), it should come off... there's two retaining tabs at the base of it which locks the handle into the base of the handle. As you pivot the thing toward you, they should pull up and out.
The upper black window sill part (molded plastic) is secured on by two screws, one at the front, one at the rear. The screws are in a position such that you won't see it with your door closed. You remove those screws, the black molded plastic part should pull off toward you (this is sort of kept in place by the silver window sill part and the black door locking pin on the far end of it, you'll just have to pull gently toward you and sort of up to dislodge the pin from the molded assembly). There are 4 screws securing the bottom panel to the door, two screws are revealed by removing the handle section (which you just did), and the other two are in plain sight when you flip open the storage compartment lid. Undo those screws.
The rear portion and the bottom portion of the bottom panel are secured onto the door panel by those plastic pop rivets/clips, undo them carefully by may be using something flat as a wedge. The very front of the bottom panel has a tab that goes into the door frame to secure. To undo it, you pop out all the clips and pivot the whole thing toward the front of the car and slide/pull out. The middle panel is held in place by the trim piece around the door release lever (you slide this off, pull toward the rear of the car a little to unlock it and pull up...$3.75 if you break it:-), and one plastic pop rivets on either end (front and rear). Once those are out, you can remove the panel.
There's a plastic vapor barrier underneath the whole thing. Yours may still be intact and original. They tend to shrink and get rather brittle with age. Mine ripped completely, so I just used some heavy duty clear garbage bag, cut to size and duct taped it in once I was through with everything.
Assembly is reverse of removal.
Speedometer Repair - "Thom Pomeroy" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
A few weeks ago I posted regarding a failed odometer and where to obtain the small plastic gear that had cracked in order to repair it. A couple of you asked me to give you an update on a source for the gears and the difficulty of the repair. Here it is:
I obtained the gears from Continental Imports (352-377-6604 or http://www.continentalimports.com/ ), thanks to Jim Booth's referral. The salesman, Scott Brotherton, recommended replacing the two rubber (yes, they really are rubber) gears in the drive mechanism as well as the plastic gear that had failed. I ordered all three gears to the tune of about $70. Ouch! This is quite honestly the first time in 12 years of BMW ownership that I felt the parts were grossly overpriced. When the parts arrived, it turned out that one of the rubber gears was incorrect, so I elected to replace just the failed plastic gear as originally planned. Returning the two rubber gears brought the cost down to a more reasonable $25. The wisdom of this decision is yet to be determined!
Side note: Continental Imports was very helpful and I had no problems returning the unused gears. They are also a dealer/repair facility for Blaupunkt and Becker stereos. When I asked for some stereo advice, I was surprised that Scott did not try to sell me a new amplifier, but recommended that I keep my current factory amp. I felt that I was getting very honest, fair advice. Quite refreshing.
Replacing the gear is definitely NOT for the faint of heart! Removing the instrument cluster is not difficult if you know where to find all the fasteners. Some of them can be very elusive unless you have a manual or other source (read someone who's done it before) to tell you where to look. Once the instrument cluster is removed, you must remove the speedometer from the cluster. Again, this is not terribly difficult, but it gets pretty tedious from this point on.
The small plastic gear that fails is molded on a brass sleeve and is pressed on a steel shaft. The fit is very tight. I have replaced these gears in VW odometers and the plastic gear presses directly on the shaft without the brass sleeve. In this case, the gear can be removed and carefully pressed on by hand. In the case of the BMW, I had to gently tap it on with a small hammer. Even that is not a simple as it sound, because the opposite end of the steel shaft bears against a plastic fitting in another part of the drive mechanism. This requires further disassembly of the drive in order to expose this end of the steel shaft so that it could be placed against something solid while driving the new gear on. Otherwise, you would just drive the shaft through the plastic parts at the end of the shaft opposite the gear. I also had to come up with something to support the whole speedometer assembly while doing this. If you want to update your odometer reading to reflect the lost miles since the gear failed, there is more disassembly and tedium involved.
Someone had mentioned that one of the authorized VDO repair shops will do this for around $125. I'd say, unless you enjoy this sort of thing and don't mind chancing serious damage, it would be money well spent. I was able to do it myself, but like I said, I've done several VW odometers and this one still made me very nervous.
Thom Pomeroy 85 M635CSi
Front Seat Swap - Carl Lee <email@example.com>
It had always crossed my mind that swapping the 2 front seats would be a good way to preserve the condition of my interior since the only real wear was in the drivers seat. Naturally I turned to the forum for tips and the experience of others before me. I found an article "rejuvenate those front seats" to be just what i was looking for but I was put off by talk of cutting wires and what a PITA it was to remove the seat backs. After getting started i realized there must be an easier way and here it is.
Each seat is connected to the base by 4 screws and 2 cables. I would start by disconnecting the battery and then all connections under the seat. there is 1 big plug, 2 smaller ones mounted towards the back of the seat and 1 for the power head rest motor in the seat back. Then remove each seat from the car complete by removing the four bolts connecting the seats to the floor and lift the entire seat assembly completely out of the car.
Remove the triangle shaped plastic covers at both sides of each seat. You will see that black cable that comes from below the seat go into a metal housing on each side. Remove the screws holding the assembly to the side of the seat and pull the entire assembly from the side of the seat. this is the gear that makes the seat back go forward or recline. I placed each assembly in a plastic baggie while still connected to the cable and taped it off so dirt can get in and small parts can't get lost. Now remove the four bolts connecting the seat bottom to the frame and you can remove the entire seat assembly. Now you can swap the seats themselves. Reassemble the seats before you put them back in the car and don't forget to swap the plastic side skirts that connect to the base of the seat. Also, when you reconnect the side gear assemblies made sure you push the seat back far enough so the teeth are engaged in the gear. Lastly make sure you reconnect the power cables under the seat and use cable ties to hold them in position. Bolt everything back down and voila! You now have a brand new drivers seat.
If you have any questions or comments feel free to contact me.
Un-clogging Sun Roof Drains - Carl Lee <firstname.lastname@example.org>
After a torrential downpour I was shocked to see a pool of water on the rear passenger side floor of my car. My sunroof had never exhibited any signs of leakage before. Once again I turned to the big coupe groupe pages for help but was turned off by talk of having to pull down part of the headliner to get at the rear drains to unclog them. My main concern was that once i pulled down the head liner it wouldn't line up so nice and tight as it is right now. There had to be another way and sure enough I found one but I have to warn you, this is not for you if you lack patience!
The front drains are pretty easy. I used a heavy 3 wire electrical cable, the kind that has 3 individually wrapped wires which are then all wrapped together with a plastic sleeve. I just happened to have a large length of this laying around but you can buy this stuff by the foot at Home Depot or a hardware store which is where you will probably need to go for the second piece you need which is a short length of copper tubing. I used a 15"toilet supply line. For the front drains you don't need the copper tube, just snake the wire down the drains. The rear drains are a challenge but it can be done, believe me.
First, open the sunroof and pull down the headliner so it un-clips from the sunroof top and slide it all the way back into the roof. Now open the sunroof so just the back part lifts up. Take a small bright flashlight and look through the space between the roof and the headliner. the rear drains are about 1 inch in from the rear corners of the sunroof but you can't see them. What you can see are these 2 rectangular tabs that stick up from the car. there is 1 at each side of the rear of the sunroof opening. As you look towards the rear of the car the left hand drain is at the immediate left and below the rectangular tab and the right hand drain is to the immediate right and below the right hand rectangular tab.
Take that copper tube and feed the end of your cable though it so it sticks out of the other end. Using the copper tube as a guide gently poke around in the area described above. With a little luck and time you will be able to start pushing the cable through the drain tube. If the cable stops moving try twisting the cable. if you have already pushed through a good amount of cable check the openings at the rear of the rear windows. The sunroof drains exit there and when i took a look I could see the end of the cable and there was a mass of black muck and the trapped water had drained out down the side of the car. If you have trouble finding the drain opening in the sunroof try putting a slight bend in the copper tube. Don't forget, patience and persistence are the words of the day for this job.
information--pre and post 82 U.S. models
For those folks who may some day be looking to replace a door, the parts CD shows the same part # for a door for an 83 & later E24 and an 82 E24. (83 is the changeover to the E28 based frame so body pieces like front fenders show different part #--larger wheel flares after 82).
I picked up an 82 door and have compared it to the 83 & later door (U.S. models)and there are a couple of differences. The interior door handle pulls are different (the 82 doesn't have the power mirror switch in the handle--it is a separate unit like the E28 switch) and so where the int. door handle pulls screw into the door on the top is in a different location on the door. There was some slight modification to the sheet metal in this area after 82, but it looks like it shouldn't be too difficult to make the modifications to accept the 83 & later type door handle. Some grinding and a bit of bending in a area of about 2 inches x 3 inches.
The manner in which the bottom interior panel of the door attaches is also different. A slot is needed in the lower front of the door for the 83 & later panel to slip into--the 82 door doesn't have the slot. Also the 3 screw holes on the top of this lower panel on the 83 & later do not line up with any pre-existing holes on the 82 door. The int. door handle on the 82 is mounted in a different location and is a different style, but the 82 door does have the rectangular cut out to mount the 82 & later style int. door handle.
So, if you need to replace a door on an 83 & later, don't get an 82 or earlier door unless you are willing to make these modifications.
It looks like if you are replacing a door on an 82 or earlier, you should be able to use an 83 & later door without having to do much modification except for the inserts to accept the 4 screws that hold the the armrest in place. The long rectangular hole to accept the 82 power mirror control and the cut out to accept the 82 int. door handle are in the 83 & later door.
One other note, the wiring connectors for the various components inside the door may be different for various model years.
Plastic Door Clip Replacement - "Gene M." <email@example.com>
On the bottom section of the inside door panels are the plastic clips (white or green) that get pressed into the holes in the door. These frequently break off and the door panel doesn't stay flush.
To replace these, they need to be twisted in and out. The back of the clips that is inside the door is round with an "V" shaped cutout, with one leg a little longer than the other. Take a look at the replacement clip to see what I mean.
The "trick" to getting these in/out
is you need to slide the clip over in the door panel hole until
an edge on the longer leg of the "V" is at the
edge of the hole, bend the clip over so the tip of the "V" starts to protrude and then twist so that it threads its way out. Using a pair of
wide nose pliers will make this easier and less likely to damage the clip. A pair of needle nose can be used to grab the remains of a clip that has had the tip break off.
Installation is to put the long tip of the "V" into the opening and then twist it in.
Power Door Mirror Connector and Mirror Assembly/Mount Removal - "Gene M." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
The power mirror connector to the door wiring harness is not visible. The connector is a flat, 4 prong connector that is up inside the long triangular mounting arm that goes inside the door.
To undo the connector it is best to remove the mirror assembly from the large trangular arm that goes down into the door. You first need to remove the plastic inside cover that covers the visible triangular piece at the front corner of the door window. Remove the small phillips head screw on top of the triangle and then slide the plastic piece up toward the apex of the trangle--there is a plastic tab on the plastic piece that slides into the mounting plate so do not pry straight out. Once the plastic cover is removed, remove the 3 large phillips head screws that hold the mirror assembly onto the mounting arm and the mirror assembly can be removed with the wiring attached. The connector will be about 4 inches down and it may take a little wiggling to get it to come on up.
To remove the long triangular mounting arm that slide down the door, you need to remove the inside door panels. Up on top of the door by the shiny trim there are two 10mm head bolts, and about half way down the door there is a 13mm nut that is mounted on a bolt that has a slotted head--this nut and bolt are inside a hole in the inner skin of the door panel. You need to remove the nut and washers and then use a slotted screwdriver to remove the bolt from the mounting arm so that there will be clearance to slide the arm straight up out of the door. There will be a lot of gooey strip caulking around the mounting arm so you may want to have some on hand when reinstalling.
You can disconnect the power mirror connector when you remove the mounting arm with the mirror assembly still attached (you can barely see the connection joint and you can separate the joint), but you will not be able to reconnect the connector without removing the mirror assembly from the mounting arm and fishing the wiring from the harness up inside the mounting arm. I found this out the hard way.
BTW, removing the mirror assembly will NOT give you access to the mirror motor or gears. The mirror glass needs to be removed with a heat gun to gain access to those parts.
Instrument and Dash Panel Bulb Replacement - "Bill Wolf" <email@example.com>
You need to remove the panel that the control is mounted in. The bulb may have just fallen from the housing that it sits in. It's a very small bulb. I used Sylvania #2721. If it fell out, the housing may be cracked it can be easily fixed with a bit of plastic cement.
To get the front panel out, remove the plastic vertical trim between the instrument pod panel and the ac heating and ventilation controls. Remove the two screws. Pry carefully out hazard and ac switches. Remove the two screws, a bit above and below the upper and lower holes. I unplugged the switches from their connectors to give me more visibility. I also fed the AC connector back in the hole because the wiring harness length was constraining. You may also need to remove the rear window defrost switch to get the panel out far enough. Remove the temperature and blower control knobs and carefully pry off the pictogram in the lower left corner. The screws two each behind the temp & blower knobs I had two screws behind the blower knob and none behind the temperature knob, and two screws behind the pictogram lower left corner hold the whole mechanism to the face plate.
Also to remove the face plate you will have to remove the slider knobs. They are 3 pieces, the outer black part, a translucent mid piece, and a white backing part. All 3 need to be solid to stay in place. They mount to the sliders by pressure. The sliders have 2 small tongues that hold the knobs. BE VERY CAREFUL WITH THESE -ask how I know. There are I think 3 bulbs back there. For some strange reason I just assumed that these were LEDs and didn't investigate their replacement? But I don't recall how much needs to be removed to get at them. Not much I think. Also while your at it, it's a good time to replace all the bulbs in there. I only found two behind the heating and ventilation panel Esp the 2 cluster bulbs, upgrading them to 5 watt bulbs from 3 watt for better night driving. I found the instrument panel to be a whole new project
Door lock mechanisms - "Jill Cheney" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I just did this thankless job & the topic just came up on bimmer.org, so I thought I'd write it all down & submit it to the group in case anyone would benefit from my pain.
I initially realized I was going to have to tear apart my door when the metal cover came off the keyhole. About 2 months later, the drivers door lock stopped operating from the key at all. I locked and unlocked my car from the trunk for months while I put this off. While I was procrastinating, I heard a spring pop & then my interior door release would not return by itself. I figured 3 annoying faults was enough to warrant pulling apart the door...
Firstly, if the metal trim is missing from the lock on your car - then sorry, the only way to fix it is pulling the lock & probably replacing the cylinder. The trim piece is only crimped on & there is no effective way to put it back on from the outside.
Secondly, there is evidently an "earlier" & "later" lock cylinder design. The early one is mostly pot-metal & prone to failure. The later one makes more extensive use of ABS plastic for little lever parts. Its obviously superior in its design, but parts from the two cylinders are not interchangeable. It is possible however to re-key the newer cylinder with wafers from your old lock. I'll get more into this later.
It may help you to disconnect the battery before starting. My power locks were always switching while i fumbled with the mechanism. I dont have my OBC code however, so I didnt disconnect the battery.
1: Remove interior trim pieces
1a) Carefully pry out the mirror control switch from the door handle. It will reveal 2 screws - remove them both then pull the top of the handle towards you to disengage it from the armrest.
1b) Remove the 4 screws on the top edge of the armrest. 2 were revealed by removing the handle, 2 are accessed by opening the compartment in the armrest.
1c) STARTING AT THE BACK, pop out the clips that hold the lower panel to the door. Once they are out you must swing the panel out from the back because it engages the door with a swing-type catch at the front of the door. Removing the panel by starting at the front of the door will break this off.
1d) carefully remove the surrond from the door release handle. It slides off to the rear. It is pretty tight & easy to break if the plastic is deteriorating. Be firm but careful with this part.
1e) pop the clips on either end of the middle upholstered trim panel. swing it up from the bottom & pull it down & out from under the top piece.
There is no need to remove the top panel from the door. No additional work space is revealed & the part isnt designed to be removed with the lock plunger sticking up through it. Just leave it be.
Remove Lock Cylinder & Lock Assembly NOTE: dont disassemble any more of this assembly than you have to to get it out. You will want to study it on the workbench to make sure you understand how it works.
2a) Remove as much plastic sheeting as needed to access the mechanism.
2b) Trace the lock heater wiring and disconnect at the plug.
2c) Take off the tiny clip which connects the rod coming down from the lock to the door catch mechanism. Dont lose the clip.
2d) Remove the 8mm nut which attaches the arm to the inside of the exterior door handle. Take out the arm.
2e) There is a U-shaped clip that secures the heater element/power lock swich to the lock cylinder. Press out the U shaped retaining clip toward the back of the door. This clip is difficult to see at first. The easiest way to get it out is to pry at the front & then get a screwdriver & push it out. It will invariably fall down into the door cavity and you will have to fish it out. You should be getting good at this because the little clip from step 2c probably already fell down there.
2f) The heater element/power lock switch must be moved ouwards along the axis of the lock cylinder. You must finesse the heater element/switch assembly to loosen it up from the cylinder. When you get the whole thing out you can study this action more carefully. Basically, the cylinder slides inside the hole in the center of the heating element.
2g) Once the assembly is loosened, rotate the whole thing 90 degrees counter-clockwise (drivers door) to disengage the lock cylinder assembly from the exterior door handle.
2h) It is now apparent how the electric lock swtich attaches. Go ahead & remove it so that you can move the whole assembly to the workbench.
If you need to fix the lock cylinder, skip to precedure 4. If you are replacing the exterior handle gasket or fixing a broken handle, go on to procedure 3.
Dismounting the evil exterior door handle.
3a) Remove the nut attaching the handle to the body. This nut is located at the front of the handle assembly.
3b) There is a retaining bar which runs between the two pivot points of the door handle (note that the handle & its surround are permanently attached to one another). There is a clip by the rearward pivot which secures the retaining bar. Pry this clip off, trying not to destroy it.
3c) Slide the retaining bar towards the rear & out. The handle will probably fall off now. Be careful, if this hits the ground it will probably break.
3d) Replace the gasket or handle or whatever.
Replacing the lock cylinder NOTE: This procedure describes the "early" design with the metal retainer & pot-metal lever arm. I didnt have to tear up a newer design lock.
4a) If the chrome surround for the key-hole has come off & you still have all the parts, you may be able to re-attach it by taking a nail & re-crimping it to the lock cylinder. I couldnt, but maybe you are really skillful.
4b) slide out the metal retainer which secures the oblong rod-actuating lever to the lock cylinder. Take special care to observe the how the sping underneath it is seated. You will have to put it back because it will sping off. My metal retainer was mangled, causing my cylinder to spin freely & not actuate the lock. I was not able to fix the retainer, I scavenged one f rom the used mechanism I had.
4c) Separate the heater/swich element from the cylinder itself. The cylinder may fall apart in your hand or it might be stiff as heck. Check for broken metal tabs at this time.
4d) there are 4 main parts to the cylinder assembly:
1) The rear cap (which attaches with a evil little ball bearing & spring - think of a ratchet/socket retainer) which can be finessed off.
2) the middle housing (mine was yellow in color) which simply pulls of.
3) the main housing, which the other pieces group around. &
4) the lock cylinder itself with its rubber o-ring & integrated trim piece. It is easiest to disassemble this mechanism with a key in the lock (even the wrong key) as it will keep the wafers from falling out.
4e) Once this is all disassembled, compare the old & new cylinders. Note how sliding the correct key in the correct lock causes all the wafer to retract? Good, this is what allows the key to turn & what is going to allow you to reassemble your lock. You can CAREFULLY transfer (one-by-one) your wafers to the new cylinder & this will re-key your new cylinder to work with your car's key.
4f) Place the key in the fixed cylinder and start stacking all this stuff back together. Each part only fits in one way, so pay special attention when you take it apart. The worst part is the rear cap where you must fiddle with the spring & ball to get it to stay.
a) First study the action where the lock cylinder slides in & out through the heater/switch assembly.
b) When putting the lock cylinder assembly back in, note that you put the assembly in at the 90 degree position (parallel to the ground) and then rotate it to engage the handle mechanism.
c) the heater/switch assembly must slide completely home (all the way to the inside door skin) before the U-shaped clamp will slide back in.
This whole process took me several hours because I had to stop at many stages & carefully study the assemblies.
Power Seat Stuck All The Way Back - "Gene M." <email@example.com>
If you have a power seat that is all the way back and will not move forward or backward more than about an inch, this may be your fix. My passenger seat on my 87 L6 had this problem and I finally got around to diagnosing and fixing it.
On the seat rail tracks, there are metal gold colored stops that should be clipped on the top, back of each rail. If both of these stops come off, the seat will go back too far and then lock up occurs, they will only move about an inch forward and backward and there will not be any visual clues as to why the seat will not move, even if you take the whole seat out of the car.
In order to fix this, I had to unbolt the seat and push it out of the way, and then remove the drive gears from both rails (that's why the seat had to be unbolted, to gain access to all of the nuts and bolts that need to come out--no way to get at these all with the seat still in place).
The outside gear is mounted with the drive gears for raising and lowering the seat bottom, so all 3 gears for the seat cushion are disengaged at this point. Next, the cross support for the front and back of the seat cushion need to be pulled up all the way, and now the frame will slide forward from that "locked" position. Until I lifted these cross supports up, the seat remained locked.
The stops must be put securely back in or else the clips can just pop off when you move the seat all the way back and you'll be taking the seat apart again.
Preventive measure is to make sure those 2 stops are clipped in place and the clips are tight. They are clearly visible when the seat has been adjusted forward--they sit right on top of the rail. If you only have a clip on one of the rails, buy the other one and put it on.
BTW, all E24 power seats do not have the same rails and stops. My 86 635 with sports seats has a fixed stop that is part of the rail.
Trunk Lid Springs M"Gene M." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
If you open the trunk lid on your 6er too high, the ends of the trunk springs may come out. If this happens, you will not be able to close your trunk and the trunk lid will be very heavy as it is lowered. Do not try to force the trunk lid closed and do not try to bend the springs to get them back in.
It is difficult to identify these parts by description--I printed out the parts fiche but the portion of the trunk hinge on each side that the ends of the springs fit into ("pivot arms" is what I'll call them) are not shown.
In order to get the spring ends back in, you need to open the trunk lid as far as possible to release as much tension on the springs as possible . Make sure the "pivot arm" on the side where the spring came out is correctly oriented to face forward like the other side (look closely at the side that still has both spring ends in place for comparison). I used a crowbar with the end wrapped up to prevent scratches to the paint to get the spring ends back in place. The spring ends do not go in easily.
Once the spring ends are back in position, you need to make sure the trunk lid is not opened high enough to release the spring ends again. I screwed up a couple of times and opened the trunk lid and had to go through the process again.
In order to keep this from happening again, you need to prevent the trunk lid from opening too high. I placed a rubber "stop" between the hinge stop that I made from industrial Velcro with thick rubber on one side just in case I need to ever release the tension on these springs, I can then remove the rubber stop and open the trunk to its too high position.
Until you get in there and take a close look, it may be hard to understand this fix. I did this fix in 2000 in my 83 633 and I have not had a problem since then. I have also installed this rubber "stop" in my other 6ers as a preventative measure. If you have to reinstall the spring ends, I do not think you will want to do it again. Without installing the preventative rubber "stop", it is too easy to lift the trunk lid beyond the "spring has sprung" point.
Oh yeah, remember to not climb completely in your trunk when performing this fix unless someone is around to let you out if the trunk lid drops down and latches. Seems obvious, but strange things can happen when your wrestling with a potentially frustrating job.
Sunroof and Headliner Panel Removal - Author Unknown
1. Leave your ignition off and use the manual Sunroof operation procedures (This will lessen the chance of significant damage to your drives worms): use the sparkplug wrench to loosen the large nut on the motor. Then use the allen wrench tool to open and close the Sunroof by turning the fitting within the large nut. Wedge the allen wrench in with some paper wadding or such to keep it from falling down every 15 seconds (drove me NUTS for a while).
2. Open the Sunroof. From outside the car, unscrew three screws from each side's guide rails and two screws from a bracket just behind them on each side as well. Make note of (mark) the position of the raised little ramp on each bracket. They are seperate pieces and will come free once you remove the brackets.
3. Carefully crank the Sunroof forward until it's just a couple of inches open and release the Headliner from it by pulling down on the front edge to release about six door panel type plugs/clips. Use of a strong, smooth, curved device to pry the clips away will prevent possible damage. Or just go to your parts store and buy a "Door Pannel Tool" (Approx. $8.00). Slide the Headliner all the way back.
4. Slowly closed the Sunroof. Remove three small nuts and washers from under each side of the Sunroof. They are arranged in a triangular pattern on triangular brackets. Release the brackets from the studs which are attached to the Sunroof. You may now remove the Sunroof by simply raising it from the inside and lifting it off from the outside. A second person used here or some nice shop blankets will ensure no uninvited "engraving" on your roof.
5. Pull the Headliner all the way forward. it will be attached to a transverse rail by a rod on each side. The rods can not be disconnected from the Headliner, but they can be disconnected from the rail by gently prying them down. A little clip and rod just disengage. You can now remove the Headliner.
6. To install: place the Headliner on its slides and snap the rod ends into the clips on the tranverse rail. (By the way, if you should have decided to remove the rail, remember to have the pointy ends facing forward when you re-install it.) Slide the Headliner all the way back.
7. Place the Sunroof back on the car. Before doing this, take the time to lube your rear seals, as this will be the last time you'll see them for a while (hopefull!) The end of the roof with "the little skis" on each side is the front. If you've moved the mounts just reposition them with the allen wrench crank. install the three mounting nuts and washers on each side.
8. This is a good time to adjust the Sunroof height if desired. The two screws that are attached to the sides of the triangular mounting plates are used to adjust the height of the rear of the Sunroof, which should be 1mm ABOVE the height of the roof behind it. The three screws across each front corner are used to control the front height, which should be 1mm BELOW the height of the roof infront of it. Loosen both sets of inner screws then turn each outer screw to adjust the height while pressing down on the Sunroof. Re-tighten the two inner screws on each side to lock the setting in. You won't believe the difference in Wind Noise a properly adjusted Sunroof can make.
8. Here's where my proceedures differ from the book's a little, but trust me THIS will save you mucho frustration. This extra proceedure is to re-engage the Headliner's followers with the rails on theSunroof itself, so that the Headliner follows the Sunroof when it's placed into the "Raised" position. Slowly, while pushing back on the roof to keep tension on the drive cables, crank the roof back far enough to re-install the guide rails and their three screws. Don't worry about the brackets yet. Now crank the roof about three fourths of the way forward.
9. GO WASH YOUR HANDS. Slide the headliner forward until the clips line up with their holes. A good pull on the front edge while gently pushing from inside will make this a bit easier. Snap all the clips home. Return the Sunroof to the full aft position.
10.. Being as you're in this "Mode", now would be a good time to remove the guide rails again and lube the rails and drive cables. My book recommends vasoline for the rails and light grease for the cables. Do this AFTER you're finished handling the headliner. This avoids the need for "Post Procedure Uphulstery Cleaner" to remove all your greasy finger marks. Replace the guide rails and brackets, AND their little ramps, returning the ramps to their original position.
11. Carefully crank the sunroof a little past full forward to make sure the headliner raises along with the sunroof. If it does, you're you're just about finished! Congrats. If it doesn't, return the sunroof to a "Closed" position, GO WASH YOUR HANDS, then disengage the headliner from the sunroof (Step Three above), slide it back, and pull it forward again while gently pressing upward on the rear of the headliner as it comes forward. Test the "Raised" position again. Done. (I Hope!)
12. Now re-tighten the large nut by the drive motor with your sparkplug wrench. It doesn't matter where in the cycle the Sunroof is, as it is the position of the drive cables that controls motor function. Turn on your ignition and see if it works.
SUN SHADE REMOVAL AND REPAIR - Gene M.
While pulling out the rear sun shade on my 86 635, it sounded as if
the spring had sprung and the sun shade would no longer retract. I
could not figure out a way to roll back up the shade while it was still
in the car and the factory repair manual did not have any information on
repairing/replacing the sunshade.
I was able to repair the sunshade after spending several hours and
here is the procedure (now that I know the procedure, this would
probably be about a3 hour fix the next time).
First, the rear shelf has to be removed from the car since the
sunshade cannot be removed from the rear shelf while it's still in the
car. This involves several steps.
REMOVAL OF THE REAR DECK
1. Remove both rear seats.
2. Unbolt the outside seat belt anchors (17mm) on both sides of the
car and pass the latch and anchor through the metal guide that is
mounted on the c-pillar (you need to remove the plastic cover on the
metal guide to be able to pass the latch and anchor through the guide).
3. Unbolt the two 10mm nuts that hold each of the speaker pod covers
so that the speaker pod covers can be lifted up (they have a hinge
mount at the back so the front of the covers will lift up about 45
degrees). I removed the speakers and the speaker pod covers to reduce
the weight. There are two8mm nuts that attach the cover to the hinge.
If you don't remove the speaker pod covers, you will still need to
unplug the speaker wires so that they can be pushed down under the rear
4. Unplug the connector for the 3rd brake light. This connector is
inside the 3rd brake light assembly and you need to pull out the
reflector/bulb assembly so that the connector can be pushed down under
the rear deck.
5. There are 5 or 6 plastic push in fasteners that hold down the
rear deck(the same type that are on the interior door panels). I used a
long screwdriver to work these out.6. The rear deck panel with the
integrated sunshade can now be carefully pulled from the car.
REMOVAL OF THE SUN SCREEN FROM THE REAR DECK
When you turn over the rear deck, there will not be any obvious
mounting hardware that holds the sunshade in place. It first seemed
like it should push out from the back because of the top and bottom
plastic trim that is on the face of the rear deck but it sure didn't
feel like it wanted to budge. Do not start pushing and prying on the
front plastic trim because it will not get the sunshade housing out of
the rear deck. You need to do the following:
1. There will be six 7mm nuts under the rear deck--4 hold the hinges
for the speaker pod covers and 2 hold a couple of arched metal clips.
Remove all of these nuts and the arched metal clips. The rear deck now
has some flexibility in the crease where the bottom plastic trim of the
sun shade housing runs along the rear deck.
2. Run a putty knife or plastic scraper between the bottom plastic
trim of the sunshade housing and the rear deck to loosen this up. The
bottom plastic trim needs to be worked to go BEHIND the rear deck so
that flexibility in the crease under #1 is important. I started in the
middle and worked my way outward since the corners really don't want to
budge. I used a putty knife to persuade the corners.
3. Now run the putty knife or plastic scraper between the top
plastic trim off the sunshade housing and the rear deck to loosen this
up. You will eventually be able to loosen it up to where you can start
working the sunshade housing down and free from the rear deck. Don't
pry out with the putty knife, push down gradually from side to side. I
was able to do this without removing the 3rd brake light.
FIXING THE SUN SHADE
Once the sunshade housing has been removed, you will see that it has two plastic end caps that are riveted to the metal housing. One end cap will have a round hole, the other will not. You will need to remove the side that does not have the round hole by drilling out the 2 rivets. You can now pull out the shade and roll it back up on the rod. You will see that one end of the rod is round and the other is slotted.
What you need to do with the slotted end cap is to place it on the
rod and then start winding it to get the tension back, and then be able
to temporary hold the end cap in place, under tension, until you can
rivet it. So, first insert the rolled up shade so that the round end
goes into the round hole on the end cap that is still on the housing.
You will need to push down on the slotted end because the rod is spring
loaded so put the slotted end cap on that end and once the other end is
fitted into the round hole, push down and make sure the slotted end cap
will go down far enough to align the rivet holes. Be prepared to
temporarily hold the slotted end cap in place after you get it wound up
so that it can be pop riveted. I used a couple of drill bits (slightly
less than 1/8 inch diameter) to do this by placing them in the rivet
holes. This will also allow you to check if you have wound up that end
to have enough tension to roll the shade up.
The pop rivets I used were 1/8 inch diameter, 1/4 inch grip, and I
had to slightly enlarge the existing holes to get them in. You might be
able to use some short screws but I would not recommend it because it
may allow too much end cap play and you don't have much clearance.
Update: I recently rebuilt the sun
shade on the '89 I drive, although I didn't put enough spring back in
when rewinding so I get to do it again soon. I removed the shade
assembly form inside without removing the rear seats or deck.
After removing the elevated brake light, primarily for more room, it took 5 minutes or so to systematically work the top edge out of the rear deck but the entire assembly just popped out without much fuss. Installation was the reverse. Putting the bottom edge of the shade in first then pressing the top edge back into place. No rips, no tears. Maybe a bit of dumb luck, however.
The actual repair was just as you described. My shade had actually come free from the rod so I ran a line of hot glue to fasten the two together.
Shawn Gratz Orlando